What are the main technical performance of the valve?

Update:13-11-2020
Summary:

Strength performance   The strength performance of the […]

Strength performance

  The strength performance of the valve refers to the ability of the valve to withstand the pressure of the medium. The valve is a mechanical product that bears internal pressure, so it must have sufficient strength and rigidity to ensure long-term use without cracking or deformation.
   sealing performance

   The sealing performance of a valve refers to the ability of each sealing part of the valve to prevent the leakage of the medium. It is the most important technical performance index of the valve. The valve has three sealing positions: the contact between the opening and closing parts and the two sealing surfaces of the valve seat; the matching place between the packing and the valve stem and the stuffing box; the connection between the valve body and the valve cover. The previous leak is called internal leakage, which is commonly referred to as lax closure, which will affect the ability of the valve to cut off the medium. For shut-off valves, internal leakage is not allowed. The latter two leaks are called external leakage, that is, the medium leaks from the inside of the valve to the outside of the valve. Leakage can cause material loss, pollute the environment, and cause accidents in severe cases. For flammable, explosive, toxic or radioactive media, leakage is not allowed, so the valve must have reliable sealing performance.

   flowing medium

   After the medium flows through the valve, pressure loss (the pressure difference before and after the valve) will occur, that is, the valve has a certain resistance to the flow of the medium, and the medium consumes a certain amount of energy to overcome the resistance of the valve. From the perspective of energy conservation, when designing and manufacturing valves, the resistance of the valve to the flowing medium should be reduced as much as possible.

 

 

 

   Hoisting force and hoisting moment

   Opening and closing force and opening and closing torque refer to the force or moment that must be applied to open or close the valvePP Butterfly Valve Manufacturers. When closing the valve, it is necessary to form a certain seal specific pressure between the opening and closing parts and the two sealing surfaces of the seat, and at the same time, it must overcome the gap between the valve stem and the packing, the thread between the valve stem and the nut, and the support at the end of the valve stem. The frictional force of other friction parts, therefore, a certain closing force and closing torque must be applied. During the opening and closing of the valve, the required opening and closing force and opening and closing torque are changed, and the maximum value is at the final instant of closing or opening The initial instant. When designing and manufacturing valves, efforts should be made to reduce their closing force and closing torque.

   Opening and closing speed

   The opening and closing speed is expressed by the time required for the valve to complete an opening or closing action. Generally, there are no strict requirements on the opening and closing speed of the valve, but some working conditions have special requirements for the opening and closing speed. If some require rapid opening or closing to prevent accidents, some require slow closing to prevent water hammer, etc. This should be considered when selecting the valve type.

   Action sensitivity and reliability

   This refers to the sensitivity of the valve in response to changes in media parameters. For valves with specific functions such as throttle valves, pressure reducing valves, and regulating valves, as well as valves with specific functions such as safety valves and traps, their functional sensitivity and reliability are very important technical performance indicators.

   life

   It indicates the durability of the valve, is an important performance index of the valve, and has great economic significance. It is usually expressed in terms of the number of opening and closing times that can guarantee the sealing requirement, and it can also be expressed in terms of use time.